Fundada em junho de 2018, a Rede NAPeN é uma organização intelectual composta por grupos do setor público ou privado, pessoas físicas ou jurídicas, dedicados à assistência, ensino, pesquisa, desenvolvimento científico e/ou inovação tecnológica, no âmbito da neuromodulação não invasiva.
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To promote professional capacity and training through courses, training programs, workshops or similar, in order to disseminate knowledge and best practices of neuromodulation.
To promote actions that facilitate public access to assistance with neuromodulation modalities. To facilitate the acquisition of infrastructure for the use of neuromodulation in various health services.
To promote and to disseminate open science, by sharing experiences and best practices, adverse events, and enabling mega analysis through the implementation of a safe database system.
To stimulate the developement of new products, techniques, procedures, protocols to improve the reabilitation using non-invasive neuromodulation.
In the past three decades, our understanding of brain-behavior relationships has been significantly shaped by research using non-invasive brain stimulation (NIBS) techniques. These methods allow non-invasive and safe modulation of neural processes, through the use of electric currents or electromagnetic fields.
The therapeutic use of electric currents has been described as a scientific activity since the end of the 18th century. Luigi Galvavani, Charles Le Roy, Duchenne de Boulogne, Beard and Rockwell, Giovanni Aldini, among many others, are prominent names in the construction of this history. In the 1960s, researchers began to experiment with the use of weak direct currents applied directly to the exposed cortex of animals, which, in recent years, underpinned the use of transcranial direct current stimulation and its influences on cortical activity in humans.
Magnetic stimulation in its most primitive form was first investigated in the late 19th century, by physicists who studied fundamental aspects of electromagnetism and, in particular, the implications of Faraday's law. Jaques-Arsène d'Arsonval and Sylvanus P. Thompson made the first attempts at brain stimulation using magnetic fields. Currently, there are numerous transcranial magnetic stimulation devices available commercially and the techniques are present both in research laboratories and in direct assistance, with an increasing volume of scientific publications on their effects in different health conditions.
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